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CLICK FOR PHOTO'S OF NBS WiTEL's Kentucky's "Big Six", Nathan Stubblefield, Senator Conn Linn, B. F. Schroader, R. Downs, J. D. Roulett, Geo. C. McLarin, John P. McElrath, Samuel E. Bynum, and Rainey T. Wells owners of the Wireless Radio Telephone Patent, 1907 / See the Investment Prospectus of 1902. Smart90, Soulfind, Ddiaries, Yes90 tviNews

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03 -
Rainey T. Wells
Kentucky "Big Six" 1902
All of Murray, Kentucky
Senator Conn Linn
B. F. Schroader
R. Downs
J. D. Roulett
Geo. C. McLarin
John P. McElrath
[Samuel E. Bynum]
Rainey T. Wells

Senator Conn Linn, B. F. Schroader, R. Downs, J. D. Roulett, Geo. C. McLarin, John P. McElrath, Samuel E. Bynum, Rainey T. Wells

1892 - First Public Wireless Demonstration in Murray
1885 - Wireless Telephone Demonstration - 200 yards from house. (Witness: Duncan Holt)
1886 - Nathan at age 26, wrote a poem describing the travails of one who would choose a life of scientific invention. "The Inventor and the Crank".
1892 - First Public Wireless Atmospheric Telephone Demonstration in Murray.
1892 - Born: Victoria Edison Stubblefield Nov. 11. Died June 24, 1967 (75 yrs).
1892 - Died: William Victor, brother of N.B. Stubblefield, at age 27.
1895 - Born: Nathan Franklin Stubblefield, May 28. Died February 10, 1970 (75 yrs).
1898 -
Patented the Wireless Telephone Transmission Coil. - Patent Granted May 8, 1898
1901 - Born: Helen J. Stubblefield, September 12. Died March 21, 1989 (88 yrs).
1902 - Radio Demonstration Washington on March 20, on Potomac River, Steamer Bartholdi.
1902 - Public Radio Demonstration January 1, Townsquare in Murray.
1902 - Reporter meets Nathan for private demonstration, on January 10.
1902 - Wireless telephone demonstration in Philadelphia, on May 30.
1902 - Wireless telephone demonstration in New York, took place between June 11 - July 11, at Manhattan's Battery Parks.
1905 - Born: William Tesla Stubblefield, May 7. Died October 14, 1906 (17 months old).
1906 - Died: William Tesla Stubblefield, Oct. 14.
1907 - Nathan B. Stubblefield Wireless telephone Enterprise formed with the "Big Six"
1907 - Teleph-on-delgreen Industrial School estab. on Sept. 4. Change from Nathan Stubblefield Industrial School
1907 - Trip to Washington Jan. 14 - April 20, 1907.
1907 - Wireless Telephone Patent Application Filed, April 5. Serial No. 366,544 - Room 109.
1907 - Con Linn and Nathan in Washington to secure original patent May 1. Returned to Murray June 8.
1907 - Patent Letter, October 16. Patent filed 4/5/07 examined and ALLOWED. (Patent to expire May 12, 1925).
1908 - Patent Expires: Thomas A. Edison's Antenna - 1891 Wireless Telegraphy Patent.
1910 0624 - Congress approved "Act to require apparatus and operators for radio communication on certain ocean steamers" An act approved July 23, 1912.
1911 - N. B. Stubblefield arrives in Washington, DC with Miss Pattie on May 18, 1911. Nathan meets with Gen. George Squier, prior to Squier's plans to turn over certain patent rights to the People of the United States. In exchange for certain transfers, Nathan agrees to accept Squier's offer for the patent to the aircraft and wireless radio system. See 1912 - Flying Machine Patent, May 15. (Filed Jan. 19) GRANTED Dec. 10.
1911 - 0101 -GEORGE O. SQUIER - PATENTS - (Patents Expire 1928) - All of his discoveries and inventions -- some shared with Stubblefield, worth millions -- were patented in the name of the people of the United States on January 1, 1911.
1911 - COLLINS INDICTED - December 1911. Four officers of the Continental Co. excepting Walter Massie were indicted for using the mails to defraud in selling worthless stock.
1911 - CONN LINN - RESIGNS FROM THE KENTUCKY SENATE, and leaves Murray Kentucky, for Oklahoma. DeForest's RADIO TELEPHONE COMPANY - BANKRUPT IN 1911, when it expired owing to DeForest's inability to raise further funds.
1911 - DeForest's RADIO TELEPHONE COMPANY - BANKRUPT IN 1911, when it expired owing to DeForest's inability to raise further funds.
1911 - GEORGE O. SQUIER, PATENTS - (Patent Expire 1928) - All of his discoveries and inventions -- some shared with Stubblefield, worth millions -- were patented in the name of the people of the Untied States on January 1, 1911.
1911 05 -United Wireless Trial - May 17, 1911 - Bogart pleads guilty.
1911 0723 -United Wireless -Bankrupt. On July 23, 1911, United Wireless was adjudicated bankrupt in the Courts of Maine, and on September 15, 1911, Trustees in Bankruptcy were appointed.
1912 03 - A Warrant Was Served DeForest For His Arrest In March, 1912 - on a federal indictment charging him with use of the mails to defraud in connection with sales of stock in the most recent four of his radio telephone companies.
1912 0325 - United Wireless Co. - In March, 1912, United Wireless Pleaded No contest - and was taken over by the British Marconi Co. for the payment of $700,000. The company was immediately sold to American Marconi.
1912 0813 - "Act to regulate state by state radio communication" (Public 264)(S. 6412); approved Aug. 13, 1912.
1912 1210 - PATENT: Stubblefield Flying Machines U.S. Patent, #1046895, December 10, 1912; Click to Go To US Patent Office -- then Click Full Text to refresh page. Letters Patent granted Stubblefield for 17 years from December 10, 1912 (expired Dec. 10, 1929).
1912 - Patent Application for Flying Machine filed Jan. 19 in the name of son Bernard.
1912 - Dissolution of Teleph-on-delgreen. Public Notice, May 6.
1912 - Flying Machine Patent ALLOWED, May 15. (Filed Jan. 19) GRANTED Dec. 10.
1913 - Rainey T. Wells on Oct. 29. appointed attorney for Nathan B. Stubblefield in pending case. 85 acre tract of land, Nathan wants $3,430.00 and 1 acre of the land from the children.
1913 - Nathan B. Stubblefield as a writer, defines crow's feet as follows: "Those picturesque, lovely, time made dimply, furrowy, marks of venerableness, that carry the sadness of life away from the sunny slopes of childhood's lustrous innocencies.
1914 - Marconi's 1897 Wireless Telegraphy Patent Expires.
1915 - Patent Expires: for Stubblefield's Electrolyte Battery and Radio Voice Detector and Transmitter.

If you question a grammar school student as to who invented "radio" or discovered Maxwell's "ether wind" theory, the student will most likely answer, Marconi. If the student is particularly bright he or she may include the inventor's first name, Guglielmo and his native land, Italy.

If you quiz a television producer of a documentary --
like Ken Burns, or many college professors or students with the same question, you will more than likely hear the names, James Clerk Maxwell, Heinrich Rudolph Hertz, David Sarnoff, Marconi, DeForest, Armstrong, GE, RCA or NBC as your answer.
-----Although all of these men and business entities did contribute enormously to the broad field of science, now called radio/television broadcasting, only Stubblefield can be said to have been first to demonstrate and patent the wireless telephone broadcasting/ receiving device that is linked to -- today's voice/music transmission.
----- Be assured, when both Stubblefield and Marconi were demonstrating and patenting their wireless telephone and telegraph transmiting devices, the word "RADIO" wasn't around at the time.

If you question the developers of the Apple iMac
and PC ilink,
as to who invented the capabilities that enables the computer to utilize firewire IE1340 and the Ethernet, maybe ----- just maybe . . . they might include the names of Stubblefield and Maxwell.
-----The iMac utilizes Stubblefield's groundless aerial and his "energized" electrolytic transmission concept, (firewire) -- and Maxwell's term "ether". The original Stubblefield wireless telephone patents of 1898 and 1908, describe in detail drawings, how an end user sitting in a "train", or riding in a "horse and buggy" or "sailing on a ship", could connect themselves to the world of wired wireless, to stream data, voice and music around the world -- via the copper telephone wire. Today we call it webcasting and the Internet.

Radio was invented by the stroke of a pen,
by the attorney of Lee DeForest. On February 28, 1907, he changed the name of DeForest Wireless Telephone & Telegraph Company, to DeForest Radio Telephone Company to create a single wireless telephone/telegrapy Radio monopoly. This action was obviously taken to confuse any legal claims of collusion and patent infringement with the Stubblefield Wireless Telephone Group, the United Wireless Telegraph, and with the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company.
----- Early day, 1900s -- "watered stock" scandals were no different than today's "Enron" and "Global Crossing" bookkeeping tricks, and the lawsuist against Microsoft, accusing them of antitrust violations. Nine states and various software firms i.e, Palm Inc., MicroSun, Dell, and Microsoft's PC archrival, Apple, are plaintiffs in the. U.S. District Court vs Microsoft, action, Judge Collen Koolar-Kotelly, residing.
-----The games played by the monopolistic "radio" narcissists during the years before World War I, did keep the Stubblefield version of the wireless telephone off the market for over 80 years. By 1918, various governments took total control of their nations wireless telephone industry, selecting choice startup company's i.e.; GE, NBC, RCA, BBC, the Marconi Company and AT&T -- to run and operate the single wired/wireless monopoly.

One can reflect those Wireless Radio Telephone/Telegraph
start-up years, with today's computer industry. Apple vs. Microsoft, Bill Gates vs. U.S. Government. It was Maj. George General Squire, of the U.S. Army Signal Corps, who encouraged Stubblefield to file his Wireless Telephone patent application in October, 1907, "as an improvement of his own 1898 electrolytic voice transmitter coil patent".
----- The application was approved by U.S. Patent Commissioner Allen. A year later, on May 5th, 1908, Stubblefield Received His All Purpose Wireless Telephone Patent, Number 887,357.

Because of these two patents, if any man was to be singled out,
as the "father" of wireless voice broadcasting, it would have to be Nathan B. Stubblefield, the first letter in SMART. Before (the SMART-DAAF Boys) came along, Marconi, Ambrose Fleming, Reginald Fessenden, Tesla, DeForest, Alexandersen, Armstrong, and Farnsworth, if you were to ask Stubblefield, "who discovered electromagnetic waves and who could describe how voice might have traveled through space", he would name Faraday/Curie; and for theory, Maxwell/Einstein.
----- There was probably not one Scientific Journal of his day he didn't have, for he collected them like some people collect the tabloid, "Inquirer", loaded with the events of today.

In Fact, Stubblefield was so infatuated
with the inventor of the day, he even named a few of his nine children after the ones that inspired him most in his pursuit to broadcast voice, wirelessly. Madam Curie, Sir Oliver Lodge, Tesla, Edison, Benjamin Franklin and even Alfonso Marconi, the brother of Guglielmo. He'd even nickname some of his Teléph-on-délgreen Industrial School students -- Faraday, Henry, Loomis, Maxwell, Preece, Branly, after the early day experimenters of the electromagnetic wave.

You must remember, Marconi
was just 18 years old when Stubblefield made his first 1892 voice demonstrations. When Hertz made his spark radio wave discoveries, in 1886, Stubblefield was sending electromagnetic signals in Murray, Kentucky. Hertz never lived long enough to send audible signals.

The facts are simple,
Stubblefield would have never given credit to Loomis, Marconi nor Hertz for wireless telephone radio broadcasting, because they never met his criteria for broadcasting voice and music. He stated many times, "that wireless telephony must: (1) utilize ether (radio) waves, (2) send non-coded sounds by speech or music; (3) and must be available and received by the general public on a day to day basis."

In 1882, what Loomis did to produce electricity, (sparks) -
from the atmosphere, Stubblefield produced electricity, (continuous) - from the earth. The earth's land-ground is always charged, and like the atmosphere, it could be considered a giant conductor; and in certain moist low-beds and crystal rock-bed areas, a giant capacitor, that discharges itself when exposed to certain conditions. That condition became Stubblefield's "secret" invention, which was patented 16 years later, on -- March 8, 1898, entitled, "Earth Battery". Since its invention the "ground cell" has been called the "earth cell"; "electrolyte battery"; "water battery" or "ground battery". Its patent number is 600,457.

His invention consisted of a small, bolt-shaped-like unit.
When copper is properly wound around the iron core stem of the unit, it becomes a "coil". The letters of patent explains that the electrical battery has for its object: to provide a novel and practical battery for generating electrical currents of sufficient forms for practical uses, and also providing means for generating not only a constant primary current but also an induced momentary secondary oscillating current.
----- Stubblefield later referred to these earth batteries as - "the bed rock of all my scientific research in "raidio" transmission, (1892) - of today. Without going into details, his batteries could perpetually run and operate a clock and small motor. Stubblefield's "electrolyte battery" - is the precursor for todays "firewire".

Stubblefield's Electrolytic
Detector, or Water Battery Patent

Edward Freeman, in his research of early
experimenters stated that -- Stubblefield made his first public demonstration of any kind in Murray in 1882, when he was just twenty-two years old. On this occasion Stubblefield placed a compass in a window above the Masonic Hall on the north side of the courthouse square in Murray. He then carefully descended to the street, and while doing so kept something well hidden beneath his coat. He dug a hole, slipped whatever apparatus he was holding into it, (the ground battery) - then covered it up. Shortly after a signal from Stubblefield, there was a distinct tremor of the compass needle, a slightly jarring vibration, and the needles spun crazily. However, people were not impressed with the demonstration that it was the electromagnetic waves emitted from Stubblefield's earth battery, that got power to spin the needle.

By 1885, Stubblefield Succeeded in sending voice
between 2 parallel antennas by utilizing the same principals as Henry and Loomis developed in sending damped signals; except, where they used a spark transmitter, he utilized an electric current dispersion system that emitted low-frequency undamped waves, produced by his electro-magnetic induction coil. It was limited in distance, but wireless or radio nevertheless; and he offered it to his telephone customers.

By 1890, Stubblefield discovered
there were several methods by which articulate speech could be transmitted between two given points without connecting wires, or wireless telephony, as it is was popularly termed at the time. He sent voice through space by modulating the continuous electromagnetic wave -- with a Berliner microphone, (the transmitter) - leading to the antenna.

1892 - First Wireless Telephone Broadcasting Demonstrations: (Voice) Nathan B. Stubblefield's first public "wireless telephone" demonstration was given in the town square of Murray, Kentucky, a radius of about one half mile. By connecting his telephone apparatus to his newly invented electrolytic coil earth battery -- that could transmit and detect continuous undamped electromagnetic waves, Stubblefield, using his grounded bare wired aerial system connected to a copper antenna placed on top of a pole -- was able to talk back and forth "without wires" to others with a like telephone, or broadcast voice and music to those listening through a mono-earphone piece. Rainey T. Wells, was one of the first persons to hear Stubblefield's wireless voice transmissions, in 1892.

To Send A Voice, said Stubblefield, in 1902,
AMONG THE MOST important methods are those operating: (1) by electro-magnetic induction; (2) by electric current dispersion, (wired); (3) by variation of a beam of light, (thermal); (4) by electro-static induction; and (5) by electro-magnetic waves; or (6) by a combination of all 5. The first and fifth methods, namely that of electro-magnetic induction and by electro-magnetic waves, were the simplest and easiest for Stubblefield to demonstrate to the layman on how the human voice could be transmitted and received through space, without connecting wires, "even though" he stated, "walls and other objects that obtruded the transmission, was standing in the way."

For best results, to maintain articulate voice quality,
he combined, early in 1890, methods 1, 2, 4 and 5 to transmit and receive articulate voice. He was the first to use a loudspeaker with his wireless. (Figure 01.20). During World I and II, the Army Signal Corps and AT&T called this combined system, the "Squier System" or "Wired Wireless". If one system was knocked out by the enemy, the other system would still operate.

1908 0512 - PATENT: Stubblefield Received His All Purpose - Wireless Telephone Patent, Number 887,357 Click to Go To US Patent Office -- then Click Full Text to refresh page. - (Patent Expires May 12, 1925)

Troy Cory-Stubblefield's, Smart-Daaf Boys All-In-One Dictionary, the U.S. Patent Office, TVI Magazine, Associated press, Reuters, and VRA's D-Diaries were used in compiling this report.
Respectfully, Josie Cory, TVI Publishing

More About Stubblefield's Patents, and some of his wireless telephone associates, including, Gen. Squire
and A. Frederick Collins.

Wireless Telephony -- AM radio Firewire -
1892 -- 1902 All-in-One Radio Patent -- 1908
Nine Years Before Smart-Daaf Boys Marconi and Deforest
mastered sending Dit Dahs
around the family home in Italy, and DeForest finished his studies at Yale, Nathan Stubblefield was the patent holder and owner of his own mechanical telephone, telephone company and telephone system. By 1892, Nathan's vibrating phone could transmit voice without wires from grounded electromagnetic wave energy, then through the atmosphere to a companion receiver. It was the 17-year-old Rainey T. Wells (b. Dec. 25, 1875, d. June 15, 1958) who attentively heard his first words over a wireless telephone in 1892, at Teléph-on-délgreen, now Murray State University.

-----But So What!


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TVI Magazine, tviNews.net, Associated Press, Reuters, BBC, LA Times, NY Times, VRA's D-Diaries, Press Releases, They Said It Tracking Model, and SmartSearch were used in compiling and ascertaining this Yes90 news report.

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