With No Borders / GIVE
Preserve The Moment /
114 - In
b:1920- d: 2005
April 3, 2005 Pope John Paul II Dies Amid
Mourning, Cardinals Head to Rome for Funeral and
John Paul II: Born in Poland, he was the most
influential pope of the 20th century. John Paul
told 12,000 cheering youths in Switzerland in June
2004 that "after almost 60 years of priesthood, it
is beautiful to be able to spend yourself until the
end for the cause of the reign of God."
CITY WEBSite -- Pope John Paul II died
Saturday, ending a long, painfully public struggle
against a host of debilitating ailments and a
globetrotting reign that made him one of the
towering figures of his time. He was 84.
Polish prelate who led the Roman Catholic Church
for 26 years succumbed in his apartment at the
Vatican's Apostolic Palace at 9:37 p.m., papal
spokesman Joaquin Navarro-Valls said.
for more than a decade by Parkinson's disease, the
pope was overcome by fever, infection and heart and
kidney failure last week after two hospitalizations
in as many months. He slipped in and out of
consciousness Saturday, surrounded by the only
family he had: five Polish priests and bishops and
four Polish nuns who had looked after him for
Vatican gave no precise cause of death.
Holy Father John Paul has returned to the house of
the Father," Archbishop Leonardo Sandri, the
Vatican undersecretary of state, told the 60,000
people standing vigil in St. Peter's Square below
the pope's still-lighted third-floor apartment
windows. The crowd fell into tearful silence, then
broke into applause, an Italian sign of
feel like orphans this evening," Sandri said.
tolled in mourning across Rome and condolences
poured in from around the world. President Bush
said, "The Catholic Church has lost its shepherd,
the world has lost a champion of human freedom, and
a good and faithful servant of God has been called
Vatican scheduled a memorial Mass for today outside
St. Peter's Basilica and said the pope's body would
be taken into the vast church no earlier than
Monday. The College of Cardinals, comprising the
church's red-robed "princes," is to meet Monday to
set a funeral date.
popes in recent centuries have asked to be buried
in the crypts below the basilica, but the Vatican
declined to say whether the pope had left
instructions. Some have suggested that the first
Polish-born pontiff might have chosen to be laid to
rest in his native country.
Paul's death ended the third-longest papacy in the
church's 2,000-year history. Knowing it was near,
cardinals from around the world had already begun
converging on Rome. They are to gather at the
Vatican for a secret conclave to choose his
successor, almost certainly from among their own
election is likely to be contentious. John Paul's
pivotal role in toppling communism in Eastern
Europe, his humanist evangelizing and his outreach
to other faiths made him visible and enormously
popular around the world. But his deeply
conservative stamp on the church, his intolerance
of dissent on Catholic doctrine and his
determination to centralize authority in the
Vatican left his following divided.
rift reaches into the ranks of cardinals, even
though John Paul appointed all but three of the 117
eligible to vote. A dozen or more cardinals have
been mentioned as successors, but there is no clear
agony of John Paul's decline and the mourning of
his passing appeared to unite Catholics. As the
death bulletin spread, St. Peter's Square filled
quickly. The crowd was hushed, many people red-eyed
or weeping openly. Parents pushed strollers and
carried children on their shoulders. Young women
with nose rings stood shoulder to shoulder with
heart is so full, to be here
at the hour of
the pope's death, the death of this great man,"
said Frank Rossitto, a retired university professor
who lives in Rome. "How many times over the years I
stood in this place to watch him celebrate a Mass,
for Christmas, for Easter. Now there is such a
Wojtyla was a robust 58 when the last papal
conclave surprised the world in 1978 and elected
the cardinal from Krakow, the first non-Italian
pope chosen in 456 years. He soon became the most
traveled pope in history.
turn of the millennium, John Paul had become a
picture of frailty. He had survived a 1981
assassination attempt, when a Turkish gunman shot
him in the abdomen, and struggled with hip and knee
ailments. In his final years, he used his declining
health as a public testament to the value of life
and the redemptive possibilities of death.
shut down gradually. The once-athletic frame became
stooped and rigid; the once-booming voice fell
silent. As his activities were curtailed, he
refused to resign, vowing to continue on St.
Peter's throne "until the last breath."
letting the world see his deterioration, the pope
made it clear that he wanted to show the nobility
of death. Although the sight of his twitching,
drooling and efforts to speak sometimes bordered on
the macabre, he sought to show sacrifice, humility
and the courage of Christ.
pope's condition was exacerbated by Parkinson's, a
neurological disease that causes the muscles to
deteriorate and inhibits movement. It evidently
impaired the pope's ability to swallow and to take
deep breaths that can clear the lungs.
Paul's contorted body, a product of his crippling
arthritis, also made breathing difficult.
round of hospitalizations began Feb. 1 with a bad
case of flu that left him vulnerable to infection.
He returned to Gemelli Polyclinic hospital on Feb.
24 for emergency surgery to help him breathe, but
when he was discharged March 13, he was barely able
to speak or swallow food.
gaunt, he appeared briefly at his window Wednesday,
the day doctors inserted a feeding tube into his
nose. It was the last time he was seen in
Thursday, the Vatican said, a urinary tract
infection triggered septic shock, a bacterial
invasion and over-relaxing of the blood vessels
that caused the pope's blood pressure to sink and
his heart and kidneys to fail.
Joseph Ratzinger, one of several senior Vatican
aides summoned to the pope's bedside Friday, said
John Paul "gave me the final farewell."
Navarro-Valls, the papal spokesman, said the
bedridden pontiff managed to utter a few words to
an aide Friday evening, apparently referring to the
young Catholics who were in the huge crowd praying
below his window.
looked for you," he quoted the pope as saying. "Now
you have come to me. And I thank you."
Paul began to lose consciousness at dawn Saturday
and did not take part in a morning Mass said in his
presence, the spokesman said. But he occasionally
opened his eyes when spoken to; Cardinal Achille
Silvestrini saw the pope Saturday morning and said
John Paul had shown "with a vibration of his face"
that he recognized the visitor.
p.m., 97 minutes before the pope died, there was a
second Mass in the apartment, celebrated by his
private secretary, Archbishop Stanislaw Dziwisz,
and two other prelates, the Vatican said. For the
third time since his surgery in February, the pope
was given the Catholic sacrament commonly known as
announcement of the pope's death said that his
passing had set in motion a series of rituals and
duties, some dating to the Middle Ages: The prefect
of the papal household informs the Vatican
chamberlain, who formally verifies the death and
destroys the symbols of the pope's authority,
including the inscribed seal on his ring. The
practice was originally aimed at preventing
forgeries on church documents.
Bush White House Remarks
Yes90 / April 7, 2005 / THE
Laura and I join people across the Earth in
mourning the passing of Pope John Paul II. The
Catholic Church has lost its shepherd, the world
has lost a champion of human freedom, and a good
and faithful servant of God has been called home.
Pope John Paul II left the
throne of St. Peter in the same way he ascended to
it -- as a witness to the dignity of human life. In
his native Poland, that witness launched a
democratic revolution that swept Eastern Europe and
changed the course of history. Throughout the West,
John Paul's witness reminded us of our obligation
to build a culture of life in which the strong
protect the weak. And during the Pope's final
years, his witness was made even more powerful by
his daily courage in the face of illness and great
All Popes belong to the world,
but Americans had special reason to love the man
from Krakow. In his visits to our country, the Pope
spoke of our "providential" Constitution, the
self-evident truths about human dignity in our
Declaration, and the "blessings of liberty" that
follow from them. It is these truths, he said, that
have led people all over the world to look to
America with hope and respect.
Pope John Paul II was,
himself, an inspiration to millions of Americans,
and to so many more throughout the world. We will
always remember the humble, wise and fearless
priest who became one of history's great moral
leaders. We're grateful to God for sending such a
man, a son of Poland, who became the Bishop of
Rome, and a hero for the ages
& Josie Cory
Publisher/Editor TVI Magazine
tvinews.net, the Academy, Associated press,
Reuters, BBC, LA Times, NY Times and VRA's
D-Diaries were used in compiling and ascertaining
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