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TVInews - 102 Computer Stoneheads & Tranquility vs Perspectives, China's Tea Houses and Lodestones - By Mark Soval - COMPASS PHOTOS
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Feature Story / Computer Stoneheads & Tranquility vs Perspectives, Tea Houses and Lodestones - By Mark Soval
-----(Description to drawing with spoon) --The compass an indispensable navigational tool, was another significant gift from ancient China. While mining ores and melting copper and iron, people chanced upon a natural magnetite that attracted iron and pointed fixedly north. After constant improvement the round compass came into being.
----- Dr. Needham cites one of the first books to describe the magnetic compass, Dream Pool Essays (1086) by Shen Kuo in the Song Dynasty, about 100 years earlier than its first record in Europe by Alexander Neekam in 1190. The compass was introduced to the Arab world and Europe during the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127).
----- Before its invention, navigators had to depend on the positions of the sun, the moon and the polestar for their bearings. The spread of the compass to Europe opened the oceans of the world to travel and led to the discovery of the New World. Thus, it was no wonder that Francis Bacon, the English philosopher, pointed out in his work.
----- Bacon states, "The New Instruments", that the invention of printing, gunpowder and the compass reshaped the world. In his words, they outstripped any empire, any religious belief and any heavenly body in exerting an impact on all humanity.
-----With a compass needle sitting on-top of an energized lodestone, one of the many Chinese proverbs born in the tea houses of China, read like this: "The words peace and tranquility are worth a thousand pieces of gold."

Just like then, when the minds eye
was focused on the the compass and
the voice of the tea leaf reader . . .
Today's minds eye is focused on the TV screen, and the words and magical sounds of the computer! saying "YES I CAN", "LOOK", "SMART", and when's the "PAYOFF"
-----Your inner self is the part of you that makes you aware of your need for rest, relaxation, peace, tranquility, a slower pace, and the requirement that you are in need of a new perspective.
-----With this in mind, you'll soon discover that you, like most "computerized people", are more interested in predicting their future, than changing it; and you are very much receptive to the touches of your inner self, and in all probability, you dream in color, which in turn, makes it easy for you to morph those dreams into the real thing. Thus, this is the time when the search for new Horizons sets in.
----- "These are the web viewers we attract", says Josie Cory, publisher of TVInews. They are the users in search of that inner tranquility, that will make an impact on their outer self. We've discovered that our Yes90.com search engine is used as a respite from the hustle and bustle of their everyday life. They are looking for things that matter, things that will make a difference in his/her life, things that will make an impact on either a local or global event.

-----Television International Magazine's YES90, tviNews, SoulFind, Ddiaries, and LookRadio, have perspectives and outlooks on life that are different. All news headlines and global musical webcasts, feature positive changes that leads to solving problems, not making them. Disappointments Are Great, Follow The Money, is the signatured motto for its SmartSearch Webmasters. All of our web pages are Contextualized. They theorize and philosophy, that nothing changes unless some wild and woolly idea comes along, that will help make the difference.
-----"Most great ideas are like sleeping volcanos", says Josie Cory, publisher of TVInews. They come during times of rest, relaxation, peace and tranquility. When the great moment finally arrives, the thought energies created during this tranquil period of time, begin to stream out of the author, like the molten lava flowing from the bellows of the volcano, unearthing the energized lodestones, and the many other type of precious stones full of fortunes for mankind. Your mind exemplifies this.

In people terms, we call these New
DotCom ideas, "STONEHEADS".

----- Of course, with a little luck while sipping the right tea, your inner-self, or mind's eye, will find the thing that will make the difference.
----- By the way, it was a Teahouse, where the compass, and the parts thereto were first discovered, invented and commercially used. In those days, way back when, the South China teahouse fortune teller would help eliminate the forces that held back ones self-determination and progress to travel, with the help of a primitive compass needle.
----- When heated properly, the iron needle placed on top of the energized lodestone by the fortune dealer, would always point to fortunes that were laying north of where the player was sitting. The compass, invented in China, (1431), -- became an object of divination for many. The terms, "North Star", "Motherlode", "Shanghaied", and "Northwest Passage", became part of the jargon for sailors and miners seeking to make an impact on their peers.
-----After all, what launched many teahouse customers to astronomically monetary success, was their mind's eye that took something from nothing from the compass needle, and a few suggestions from the fortune cookie.


-----These new DotCom Stonehead people have principles that read like this:
-----1. They are determined, stick-to-a-tive computer users, and seem to give more than they take, and they are always seeking the secrets to fame and fortunes, no matter what. But more important -- they can flip and morph their minds to do anything, or become anything they really want to become!
----- They believe that, "Nothing In This World Is Permanent" -- so . . . update it . . . With a new name!
-----If you are like them, you are probably more in touch with your outer self, the active part of you that ignores your inner needs and urges you to always keep moving, always thinking, always striving as it deals with problems and hassles. The pressure of failure and success, completing projects and errands, handling unfinished business and accomplishments, doesn't phase you a bit.
----- Are you exhausted yet? . . . I thought so -- you have caught on with the YES90 generation, 2090. You know that the word "Yes" means Your Easy Search to link yourself to the 20/20 world. The link to see and confirm everything ever known to mankind, the grave yard full of ideas put there, by other "Stoneheads".
-----Getting in touch with your inner self through meditation, a simple compass and tea leaves, can help you to balance activity with inactivity, so you can rejuvenate and recharge the depleted energy of your outer self.

-----No, you don't have to sit in a yoga position and chant "OM" . . . Which is not a bad way to do it . . . But most of us have no real meditation experience in our everyday lives.
-----Meditation needs only a peaceful, quiet place, sitting in a comfortable position, with an object to dwell on. A compass, a stone or a hand written place card with the simple words, Love and Peace, will do the job. If you can find one, use a lodestone. It'll do the things that excites natural electromagnetic energy -- to stimulate your thoughts.


-----Having a still mind, one that is free of chatter and mental activity, can put you in touch with your inner self. If you can, SAMPLE tea leaves by pouring boiling water over your lodestone with a tea bag and cube of sugar in a coffee cup. A compass, will over time, make you more aware of your thoughts, perceptions and feelings of where you've been and where you're going, yet you'll feel totally at peace. Remember to have patience - use "key words", while browsing Google or Yahoo / YES90!

Part 02 / Zheng He (1371-1435), from the Yunnan province in China, is given the credit for inventing the compass for navigational purposes. He made seven ocean.

-----1. a. A device used to determine geographic direction,usually consisting of a magnetic needle or needles horizontally mounted or suspended and free to pivot until aligned with the magnetic field of Earth. b. Another device, such as a radio compass or a gyrocompass, used for determining geographic direction.
----- 2. A V-shaped device for describing circles or circular arcs and for taking measurements,consisting of a pair of rigid, end-hinged legs,one of which is equipped with a pen, pencil, or other marker and the other with a sharp point providing a pivot about which the drawing leg is turned. Also called pair of compasses.
----- 3 a. An enclosing line or boundary; a circumference: outside the compass of the fence. See Synonyms at circumference. b. A restricted space or area: four huge crates within the compass of the elevator. c. Range or scope, as of understanding, perception, or authority: "Lacking a coherent intellectual and moral commitment, [he] was forced to find his compass in personal experience" [Doris Kearns Goodwin". See Synonyms at range. -- compass -passed, -passing, -pass(es).
----- 1. To make a circuit of: circle: The sailboat compassed the island.
----- 2. To surround; encircle. See Synonyms at surround.
----- 3. To understand; comprehend.
----- 4. To succeed in carrying out; accomplish. See Synonym at reach.
----- 5. To scheme; plot. -- compass adj. 1. Forming a curved configuration. 2. Semicircular. Used of bow windows. [Middle English compas, circle, compass, from Old French, from compasser, to measure, from Vulgar Latin *compassare, to pace off : Latin com-, + Latin passus, step;

A freely pivoting circular disk carrying the magnetic needles of a compass and marked with the 32 points of the compass and the 360 degrees of the circle.

----- The metalliferous ore that fills a fissure in a rock formation. b. A vain of mineral ore deposited between clearly demarcated layers of rock. Also called lead. 2. A rich source or supply. [Middle English lode, way, load, from Old English lad, way.

-----1. A piece of magnetite that has magnetic properties and attracts iron or steel. 2. One that attracts strongly. Middle English lode, way, load, from Old English lad, way.

-----1.. A star, especially Polaris,that is used as a point of reference. 2. A guiding principle,interest, or ambition. [Middle English lode, way; see LODE + sterre, star.


People of Zheng and Qin Dynasty
-----The compass may have been used during the 3rd century B.C., or perhaps, if old tales have any validity, even 300 years earlier. The earliest documentation that comes from the use of the compass was found in the 3rd century. "When the people of the State of Zheng go out in search of jade, they carry a south pointer with them so as not to lose their way in the mountains."
----- This quote was one of the earliest documentation which tell the use of a tool which they used to find their way of getting back home and not getting lost in their travels. The worlds first compass was first made in China during the Qin dynasty (221-206 B.C.), by balancing a piece of loadstone carved in the shape of a laddle on a round, bronze plate.
----- The first person to use this tool was Zheng He (1371-1435), a moslem from the Yunnan province. By order of the emperor he made seven ocean voyages between 1405 and 1433.

-----The ability to magnetize iron by placing it near a loadstone was known to ancient civilizations. But, it was the Chinese who applied this principle of magnetism to create the compass. The oldest picture of a magnetic compass, from 200 BC, was using a small spoon as the needle that was thrown down upon a table that was engraved with the compass points.
----- These early compasses were used in divination rather than in navigation--"the board was used by geomancers to detect the 'winds and waters' of the earth" (Gies & Gies, 1994, p. 94). In the Han dynasty (202

"South-pointer" was used by travelers in China
(the earliest Chinese compasses, called south-pointers, pointed south rather than north).

The next significant development was
the use of a magnetized needle that was floated in a bowl of water on a piece of wood or suspended by a silk thread--these compasses were used by the 8th century in China. And, Chinese sailors used the compass for navigation by the 11th century. At this time (12th through 15th centuries), China developed the largest navy and was the greatest sea power in the world.
----- As just one example of the size of this navy, Kublai Khan attempted an invasion of Japan in 1281 with a fleet of 4400 ships (McClellan & Dorn, 1999). It is obvious that any technology that assisted in navigation would be greatly appreciated. As with other innovations, the compass was transferred to Europe by the end of the 12th century. Whether it was transferred by means of the Silk Road or through Muslim sea traders is in debate.

Other Compass Tidbits
-----By the third century AD, Chinese scientists had studied and learned much about magnetism in nature. For example, they knew that iron ore, called magnetite, tended to align itself in a North/South position. Scientists learned to "make magnets" by heating pieces of ore to red hot temperatures and then cooling the pieces in a North/South position. The magnet was then placed on a piece of reed and floated in a bowl of water marked with directional bearings. These first navigational compasses were widely used on Chinese ships by the eleventh century AD.

3. Editor's Note / Which way does it point --
-----According to thirteenth-century philosophy, the compass needle points towards the North star. Unlike all other stars in the night sky, the north star appears to be fixed. Thus, philosophers reasoned that the lodestone obtained its "virtue" from this star. Problems began to arise with this theory, however, when people began to measure the property of declination.
----- It is often said, although highly disputed, that Christopher Columbus first discovered declination in the European region during his first voyage to the West Indies in 1492. Declination was old news in China by this time however.
----- The first reported observation of magnetic declination appears to have been made in about A.D. 720 by the Buddhist astronomer I Hsing. It's too bad Alexander didn't find out about declination along with the compass. We know that the magnet loves the lodestone, but we do not know whether the lodestone also loves the magnet or is attracted to it against its will.

Middle East Arab physicist of the twelfth century.
Earliest records show a spoon shaped compass made of lodestone or magnetite ore, referred to as a "South-pointer" dating back to sometime during the Han Dynasty (2nd century BCE to 2nd century CE).
----- The spoon-shaped instrument was placed on a cast bronze plate called a "heaven-plate" or diviner's board that had the eight trigrams (Pa Gua) of the I Ching, as well as the 24 directions (based on the constellations), and the 28 lunar mansions (based on the constellations dividing the Equator) .
----- Often, the Big Dipper (Great Bear) was drawn within the center disc. The square symbolized earth and the circular disc symbolized heaven. Upon these were inscribed the azimuthal points relating to the constellations. Its primary use was that of geomancy (prognostication) to determine the best location and time for such things as burials.
----- In a culture that placed extreme importance on reverence for ancestors, this remained an important tool well into the 19th century. Even in modern times there are those who use this divination concepts of Feng Shui (literally, of wind and water) for locating buildings or fortuitous times and locations for almost any enterprise.
----- There is a story that the first Chin emperor used the divining board and compass in court to affirm his right to the throne. Primarily, the compass was used for geomancy for a long time before it was used for navigation

Ancient Chinese alchemists realized
that the magnetite ore would point towards a magnetic north. Their understanding was not total, since they thought that there were north pointers and south pointers. "The lodestone follows a maternal principle.
----- The needle is struck out from the iron (originally a stone) and the nature of mother and son is that each influences the other, and they communicate together. The nature of the needle is to return to its original completeness. As its body is very light and straight, it must indicate straight lines.
----- It responds to the Chhi by orientation, being central to the earth and deviating in various directions. To the south it points to the Hsuan-Yuan constellation, hence to the Hsiu Hsing and therefore to the Hsiu Hsu in the north, along the axis Ting-Kuei. The yearly differences follow the elliptic, and all such phenomena can be understood." (from Master Kuan's Geomantic Instructor), 8th century CE.

By the time of the T'ang dynasty (7 - 8th century CE) --
-----Chinese scholars had devised a way to magnetize iron needles, by rubbing them with magnetite, and then suspending them in water (early 11th century). They also had observed that needles cooled from red heat and held in the north-south orientation (the earth's axis) would become magnetic.
----- These more refined needle compasses could then be floated in water (wet compass), placed upon a pointed shaft (dry compass) or suspended from a silk thread. Consequently, they were much more useful for navigation purposes since they were now much more portable (and smaller).

During the Sung dynasty (1000 CE) --
many trading ships were then able to sail as far as Saudi Arabia without getting lost. The plate was converted to a bowl, and retained the markings of the heaven's plate around its circumference, in a simplified form. The inner circle had the eight trigrams and the outer circle the 24 directions (based on azimuth points).


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