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109 - PAGE TWO - The MSU NBS100 Panel
March 11, 1991 Answers the Questions: Did
Nathan B. Stubblefield Really Invent
Radio? By L. J. Hortin. Reprint of
BROADCASTING - 1951: March 19, 1951; -
Page Two 102 / Internet TODAY'S
PUZZLE? THIS WEEK COVER This
Cover Dear Editor LookRadio 120
PIXELS 3 columns ByLine
of Study Section B: TIMELINE /
NBS National Broadcasting
For STUBBLEFIELD'S ELECTRICAL
Warner Bros Mag - 1972 Section - Study A:
/ PCI STUDY: CROSSED LINES: Regulatory
Submitted 40 40+110+570=720
When Troy was asked in 1991, by Dr. Hortin if he really thought his grandfather's 1892 to 1908 Wireless Telephone invention and patent was really radio and radio broadcasting, Troy was stunned by the question.
Troy said he let Dr. Mofield answer the question during a TV interview with Terry Bulger. "Yes," Mofield replied, "what we know today as radio."
Dr. Hortin, pleased with Mofield's answer said with a retired grin, "great leading question, wasn't it. Now . . . YOU KEITH . . . GIVE me your answer."
Thinking for a minute or two, with my Cell Phone in hand, my answer sounded like this: "OK. . . . Can radio, television, this cellphone and a computer be entertaining? I guess we all want one -- don't we? "Yes," Hortin replied.
Now let me call YOU on my Cell Phone right now during this television radio interview, (held at the WNBS Radio/TV station) -- and I'll connect myself to YOU while were both on camera talking, (the stations inter-connected live phone rings, and the phone is handed to Hortin), now . . . let's see what happens.
If the small Cell Phone can broadcast the same way and do the same things as the 5000 watt WNBS and TV broadcasting station RF did, why should it bother anyone for calling it a Radio Broadcast. Hortin replied after the live "LookRadio" demonstration. "Yes, and that's what your grandfather and myself were trying to tell everyone way back when, before Kentucky had there first radio station, and their first wireless news reports about the TVA dam project."
Dr. Hortin was right all along, the NBS Vibrating Telephone and RF Wireless Telephone and aerial network franchises sold in 1865 and 1906, finally had real value, it was the start-up for radio and television.
By the way said Troy, "the Cell Phone call upon being connected to the station, become an instance success. My low voltage Wireless Cell telephone call demonstration became my microphone, and the WNBS radio and television station become my Cell Phones extended RF transmitter." The show was viewed and heard throughout Kentucky. Both LookRadio, and National Broadcasting System, (NBS) -- was born for Wi-Fi broadband webcasting. CLICK TO VIEW PART FIVE OF THE TV SHOW.
02 - A major news reporter in 1902 quoted Mr. Stubblefield as saying that day: "I can also telephone without wires through space as well as through the earth, because my medium is everywhere."
"In that box," admitted Mr. Stubblefield, "lies the secret of my success." He said it hadn't yet been patented, nor was it yet perfect: "I can now telephone a mile without wires.... The system can be developed until messages by voice can be sent and heard all over the country, to Europe, all over the world."
Five hundred yards away was the experimental receiving station. It was a drygoods box fastened to the foot of a stump. A roof was placed on top, and one side had hinges for a door. Wires, connected with the ground on both sides, ran into it and were attached to "receivers."
The St. Louis writer said Mr. Stubblefield's 14-year-old son, Bernard, was left at the broadcasting station on the porch while he and the inventor went to the stump There the reporter picked up the receivers and heard spasmodic buzzings.
Then: "Hello, Can you hear me? Now I would count ten. One - two - three - four - five - six - seven - eight - nine - ten. Did you hear that? Now I will whisper.
03 / Reporter Amazed
The amazed reporter said: "I heard as clearly as if the speaker were only across a 12-foot room the 10 numerals whispered." Then Bernard whistled and played the mouth organ -- probably the first music program ever heard over the radio.
Later the Kentuckian and the reporter walked down a wagon track a mile from the house and the broadcasting booth. There they took a receiving outfit and tried the experiment again. The outfit consisted of the receiver, connecting wires, and steel rods topped with hollow nickel plated balls of iron. Below each ball was an inverted metal cup. After sinking the rods into the ground, they listened. Bernard was still broadcasting -- and clearly!
For an hour they tested it, sinking the rods into the ground again and again - always with excellent reception.
Of course he was invited to go East to demonstrate his marvelous device. And he did. Scientists, newspaper men, promoters, and just plain curious persons paid tribute to him.
On March 20, 1902, he broadcast messages (words and music) from a steam launch on the Potomac River to scientists and newspapermen on the banks. CLICK FOR MORE NBS PATENT STORY
On Decoration Day of the same year he demonstrated wireless telephony at Fairmont Park in Philadelphia. The messages were broadcast from the second story of the Belmont Mansion at least a mile away.
Newspaper articles were printed in New York, Philadelphia, and Washington acclaiming him as inventor of the wireless telephone The Kentucky farmer was recognized as a genius.
From this point the story is vague, because Mr. Stubblefield told very little about what happened. It is known that he became connected with a company that was to promote the invention, the "Wireless Telephone Co. of America." In a bank vault at Murray is a certificate of 50 shares issued to Hugh P. Wear, who was a friend of Mr. Stubblefield.
04 Incorporated in 1902
Incorporated in 1902 under the laws of Arizona, the Wireless Telephone Co. of America was capitalized at $5 million, according to Mr. Wear's stock certificate. Several friends and business associates of Mr. Stubblefield also bought stock, in all probability to make it big.
The problems of getting-patents, legal advice, and financial assistance were stupendous. Was the invention patentable ? Certainly parts of his device were those found in telephones. How could one sell an instrument that would permit everybody with a receiver to enjoy the benefits of the broadcast? How could he distinguish between genuine friends and shysters? CLICK FOR MORE ADA SPY TEAM STORY.
But his friends at Murray had not lost faith. They knew his wireless telephone would work. So several of them persuaded him to try to get it patented and marketed According to a "prospectus" of the new plan, the original financial supporter of this enterprise, all of Murray, Kentucky, were: Senator Con Linn, B. F. Schroader, R. Downs, J. D. Rowlett, George C. McLarin, John P. McElrath. Dr. Rainey T. Wells, (The "Big Six") -- who had heard his early experiments, was now an attorney and he assisted in the patent applications. There were others in Murray who contributed money and assistance in this attempt to develop the invention. CLICK FOR "BIG SIX STORY
The new application for a patent was for certain improvements in wireless telephony, (Inprovement of the own 1898 inductions coil patent), particularly relating to installing the device in carriages, ships, and trains. The application was filed April 6, 1907, Serial No. 366,644
This Wireless Telephone was patented May 12, 1908, No. 887,367. In his application, Mr. Stubblefield described the invention as follows: "The present invention relates to means for electrically transmitting signals from one point to another without the use of connecting wires and more particularly comprehending means for securing telephonic communication between moving vehicles and way stations." CLICK FOR 1905 TIMELINE
Perhaps it was the same set of circumstances that brought failure on the other Smart-Daaf Boys. The most logical answer is: There was a stock market being developed by Dow-Jones and a telephone monopoly in the works. CLICK FOR MORE AT&T - FCC STORY
Another reason for failure was the fact that the DeForest tube was developed about this time, and his new company included the name Radio. Fleming's tube-diode was also being demonstrated.
The automobile wasn't developed to the point where it could utilize his "wireless telephone." In fact, the use of the device in automobiles and trains is of comparatively recent origin. CLICK MORE ABOUT DEFOREST
On March 28, 1928, Nathan B. Stubblefield died -- alone, penniless, and all but forgotten. A few years before his death, the eccentric inventor scribbled on the margin of an old Electrical World magazine these words -- addressed to Vernon Stubblefield Sr., a distant cousin but a very close friend: "You and I will yet add luster to the Stubblefield name." CLICK FOR MORE ABOUT FREQUENCY LAWSUIT.
MORE STORY - NBS100b Timeline "B" / 1905 to 1910 - "The Wireless Patents"
MORE STORY - NBS100c Timeline "C" / 1910 to 1916 - "The Monopoly"
MORE STORY - NBS100d Timeline "D" / 1916 to 1925 - "The World War
MORE STORY - NBS100e Timeline "E" / 1925 to 1934 - "Radio Stations / FCC
Used with an Antenna, you can TELEPHONING THROUGH THE GROUND
MSU NEWS 1991 - Page One MORE STORY
MSU NEWS 1992 - Page Two - MORE STORY
Warner Bros Circular Page 00 NBStory - MORE STORY
Warner Bros Circular Page 01 NBStory - MORE STORY
Warner Bros Circular Page 02 NBStory.- MORE STORY
Warner Bros Circular Page 03 NBStory - MORE STORY
Warner Bros Circular Page 04 NBStory- MORE STORY
Warner Bros Curcular Page 05 NBStory.htm - MORE STORY
Section - Study B: / "NBS100K" / NBS STUDY: Ddiaries - Follow The Money
Section - Study C: / "NBS100L" / NBS STUDY: LookRadio - Follow The Money
Section - Movie Treatment: / "The Movie" / NBS Film Treatment: The Movie - Wireless
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109 - PAGE TWO - The MSU NBS100 Panel March 11, 1991 Answers the Questions: Did Nathan B. Stubblefield Really Invent Radio? By L. J. Hortin. Reprint of BROADCASTING - 1951: March 19, 1951; - Page Two
102 / Internet
THIS WEEK COVER
This Week's Cover
120 PIXELS 3 columns
ByLine / Source of Study
Section B: TIMELINE /
NBS National Broadcasting
For STUBBLEFIELD'S ELECTRICAL
Warner Bros Mag - 1972
Section - Study A:
/ PCI STUDY: CROSSED LINES: Regulatory